Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
The World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) is the first treaty negotiated under the auspices of the World Health Organization. It was adopted by the World Health Assembly on 21 May 2003 and entered into force on 27 February 2005. It has since become one of the most widely embraced treaties in UN history and, as at March 2015, has already 180 Parties. China has signed FCTC on 10 November 2003.
The WHO FCTC was developed in response to the globalization of the tobacco epidemic and is an evidence-based treaty that reaffirms the right of all people to the highest standard of health. The Convention represents a milestone for the promotion of public health and provides new legal dimensions for international health cooperation.
The Conference of the Parties (COP) is the governing body of the WHO FCTC and is comprised of all Parties to the Convention. The regular sessions of COP are held at two-year intervals. It keeps under regular review the implementation of the Convention and takes the decisions necessary to promote its effective implementation, and may also adopt protocols, annexes and amendments to the Convention. The COP may establish such subsidiary bodies as are necessary to achieve the objective of the Convention. The COP also established several working groups with the mandate to elaborate guidelines and recommendations for the implementation of different treaty provisions.
Source : http://www.who.int/fctc/en/